Still v much based around France and French artists.
19th Century - the impressionists and post -impressionists about a movement away from the traditional, using different methods, different subject matter, unconventional. Away from influence of the salon. In 1863 the Salon des Refuses opened to exhibit works rejected by official salon.
Outraged public attacks on artists weren't rare in mid 19th C. Public were used to seeing smooth, finely painted and highly finished paintings but now they saw rough with broken colour patches like casual sketches.
Archetypal Impressionist Painting.... (elements seen before but not all together)
- landscape/out of doors subject
- comparatively small scale
- painted mainly 'on the spot' not in the studio
- high toned palette - clear bright colours
- varied, broken brush strokes
- white (not brown) primed canvas
- colours blend optically when viewed from correct distance
- what it really looks like to the artists not following conventional rules
Usually - popular/vulgar subject matter, unorthodox in view point, fresh and brilliant in colour, 3D simplified to 2D
These started to be imported and had a dramatic effect on Western art in second half of 19C. First time Western artists able to learn from other cultures. catalyst for painters to throw off tradition and find new ways of looking.
Mid 1880s some artists started going against the ideas of impressionism. Wanting to get away from casual and fleeting images of impressionism and wanted to put more meaning and time into their work. Most members were active supporters of the socialist anarchist movement. Not propagandist but painted mainly proletariat (rather than the bourgeois of the imps) subjects. But still in agreement that modern Paris is the place to paint.
Artists include - Seurat, Signac, Pissaro, Henri Edmond Gross
Movement came about from young artists wanting to escape from objective naturalism. Baudelaire influences - imagination, fantasy, the private world of the self. Dream like, fantastical paintings.